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Nigeria: The Phenomenon of Natural and Man-made Inequalities

by Isiyaku Ahmed
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By Olanrewaju Ganiyu

“People differ in capacity, skill, health, strength; and unequal fortune is a necessary result of unequal condition. Such inequality is far from being disadvantageous either to individuals or to the community.”  -Pope Leo XIII

As a heterogeneous nation with such a big landmass figure of 923,768 square kilometers and a population of over Two hundred million, Nigeria is a country on the continent of Africa where virtually all natural resources are available. Yet wealth distribution and allotment of certain structures of government seem to bring about inequality in the country.

The table below is a representation of the imbalance which causes inequality in the system.

StatesLandmassLGAH/R MemberNatural Resources
Abia  6,320 Km2178Gold, Zinc, Limestone, Crude oil & Salt
Adamawa 36,917 Km2       218Bentonite, Gypsum, Kaoline, Magnesite, etc.
Anambra 4,844 Km22111Lead/Zinc, Lignite, Phosphate, Limestone & Salt
Bauchi49,119 Km22012Wolfram, Coal, Limestone, Iron ore, etc
Bayelsa10,773 Km285   Crude oil, Manganese, Uranium & Limestone.
Benue 34,059 Km22211Barite, Coal, Iron ore, Zinc, Marble, Gemstone, Limestone & Salt.
Borno70,898 Km22710Bentonite, Diatonite, Hydro-carbon, Kaoline & Limestone
Cross River20,156 Km2188Barite, Zinc, Lignite, Limestone, Crude oil, Manganese, etc
Delta17,698 Km22510Crude oil, Iron ore, Lignite, Kaoline, Marble, Glass-sand & Gypsum
Ebonyi5,670 Km2136Bitumen, Dolomite, Phosphate, Gold, Salt & Zinc.
Edo17,802 Km2189  Crude oil, Iron-ore, Glass-sand, Gold & Lignite
Ekiti6,353 Km2166Feldspar, Kaoline, Granite, Seynite, & Tatium
Enugu 7,161 km2178Coal, Lead/Zinc & Limestone.
Gombe 18,768 Km2116Gemstone & Gypsium
Imo 5,530 Km22710Gypsium, Marcasite, Crude oil, Salt, Lignite, Zinc & Phosphate
Jigawa23,154 Km22711Butyles, Asbestos, Amethyst, etc
Kaduna46,053 Km22316Hyanite, Kaoline, Mica, Ruby, Rock crystal, Sapphire, Tentalime, Topaz, Sihnite
Kano20,131 Km24424Gassiterite, Copper, Gemstone, Glass-sand, Zinc, Tantalite, etc.
Katsina24,192km23415   Kaoline, Marble, Salt & Gold.
Kogi          29,833km2219Iron-ore, Dolomite, Feldspar, Gypsium, Talc, etc
Kwara36,825km2166`Cassiterite, Columbite, Iron-ore, Gold, Mica & Marble.
Lagos3,345km22024Amethyst, Coal, Barite, Barytex, Chalcopyrite, etc
Nasarawa27,117km2135Limestone, Iron-ore, Tourmaline, Mica, Quartz & Zireon
Niger76,363km22510  Gold, Zinc & Talc.
Ogun16,762km2209Bitumen, Kaoline, Limestone, Clay, Coal, Dimension stones & Feldspar
Ondo15,500km2189Granite, Kaoline, Gypsium, Limestone & Crude oil
Osun9,251km2309Gold, Granite, Talc, Columbite, Tantalite & Tourmaline.
Oyo28,454km23314Silimonite, Talc, Dolomite, Gemstone, Kaoline & Marble.
Plateau30,913km2178Phroclore, Molybdenite, Marble, Zinc, Tin & Wolfram
Rivers11,077km22313Crude oil, Glass-sand, Lignite, Marble & Clay
Sokoto25,973km22311Clay, Flakes Gold, Granite, Gypsium, Potash, Silica, Kaoline, Sand & Salt
Taraba54,473km2166Lead/Zinc, Kaoline, etc.
Yobe45,502km2176Soda-Ash & Tintomite.
Zamfara 39,762km2147Coal, Cotton & Gold
Federal Capital Territory7,315km262Gold, Dolomite, Zinc, Marble, Tantalize & Clay.

Meanwhile, abundant resources numerous to mention abound in Nigeria as it is pictured above. Every state is blessed with natural resources but few of them are blessed with Crude oil which is the mainstay of Nigeria’s economy.

However, regardless of the areas where these resources are available, they are meant for the use of every Nigerian. And the government should make its presence felt in the nooks and crannies of the country, try and give equal opportunity to everyone without paying attention to one’s religion or ethnicity.

Olanrewaju Ganiyu writes from Accra, Ghana

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