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HomeOpinionHow Sir Muhammadu Sanusi 1 Became Emir of Kano - Part 2

How Sir Muhammadu Sanusi 1 Became Emir of Kano – Part 2

By Adnan Bawa Bello

Sardauna became the premier of the Northern region in 1957 and the relationship with his second cousin and best friend Sanusi was bonhomous.

The warm and hearty relationship between the two started to debauch when Sardauan realized that Emir Sanusi was undermining his authority as the premier of the Northern Region.

Emir Sanusi was informed that Sardauna (the premier) and the president of Niger Republic Hammani Diori were to visit him in his palace. Sardauna was flabbergasted to see the Madakin Kano shehu Ahmed waiting to receive him and his August visitor Diori at Chiromawa town instead of the Emir himself and hence felt that Sanusi regarded him with disdain.

When they reached the palace, they were kept waiting for a long time before being attended to by the Emir. Sardauna became infuriated and felt vilipended in the presence of Diori, whom he held in high esteem.

It was also narrated that Emir Sanusi 1 used to deliberately breach protocol by coming to events not before the arrival of the premier.

The Kano province commissioner Magajin Garin Sokoto Aliyu, the Northern ministers and senior Government officials who were then called senior service, similarly complained that Emir Sanusi 1 used to Cry down their positions.

The amicable relationship between Emir Sanusi 1 and the Premier vitiated to the extent that the later instituted a commission of inquiry to investigate the former.

The report of the commission indicted Emir Sanusi 1 for gross misconduct and misappropriation of public funds.  

He was consequently deposed in 1963 and   exiled to Azare town where he stayed for 16 years. He was returned back to Kano in 1979 by Alhaji Abubakar Rim the then Governor of old Kano State and died at Wudil, in 1991.

After the deposition of Emir Sanusi 1, Sardauna thought of appeasing the person he denied being the Emir of Kano despite being recommended by the resident officer of Kano province 10 years previously.

Consequently, Sardauna contacted the Kano king Makers through his classmate Madakin Kano Shehu Ahmed indicating his interest in the nomination of Galadiman Kano Inuwa, who was an uncle to the deposed Emir. Inuwa’s name was approved by the Premier after the recommendation by the king makers.  

Inuwa ruled as Sarkin Kano for only 6 month and died thereafter. He was succeeded by Alhaji Ado Bayero who was before then serving as Nigeria’s Ambassador to Senegal.  

Regarding the appointment of Galadiman Kano Inuwa as the Emir of Kano, two contradictory narratives from Fadawa (palace slave) emerged and all of them seem unlikely.

The first one stated that Alhaji Ado Bayero (1930 – 2014) was the Sardauna’s preferred candidate after the deposition of Emir Sanusi 1 but was persuaded by Madaki Shehu to appoint Inuwa on the premise that the latter is Ado’s uncle and son in law.

Anybody conversant with the sarauta would know that these factors could not disqualify a candidate since an aspirant can contest with his own biological father let alone an uncle and son in law.

Emir of Daura Bashar (1966 – 2007) contested with his biological father for the throne of Daura and emerged victorious. This story was perhaps created to deny Sardauna the credit for considering the person he rejected despite the earlier recommendation by the resident officer of Kano province.

Had it been the story narrated that Madaki Shehu advised Sardauna to consider Inuwa based on certain qualities or for the fact that he was the one earlier recommended by the resident officer of Kano province but Sardauna denied him and now is an opportunity for Sardauna to placate him, this could have been accepted.

Both Sardauna and Madaki Shehu Knew that a prince could contest with his uncle and son in-law and therefore should not be a reason or basis to disqualify an aspirant to the Emirship particularly the preferred candidate of the premier as insinuated.

The second account stated that after the removal of Emir Sanusi, Sardauna offered the position of the Emir to Alhaji Ado Bayero but the Later declined and proffered his uncle and father-in-law Galadima Inuwa. This also is unlikely taking into cognizance that the wish of every abled prince is to be a king.

Anybody who is abreast of the behavior of princes would find this unacceptable.

How do you imaging an heir to a throne who could even contest with his own biological father would reject his hereditary title for the sake of an uncle or an in-law, is very improbable?

Some princes wish their fathers dead in order to ascend to the throne, some even go to the extent of conspiring to remove their fathers in order to occupy the position and some even kill their fathers to ascend to the throne.

Even a low-level intelligent person conversant with the highly ambitious attitude of princes would easily throw away this narrative.

Alhaji Yusuf Maitama Sule (1929 – 2019) stated that, when Alhaji Ado Bayero   landed at the Kano Airport and was informed that he was called from Senegal to be the Emir of Kano, he could not believe what he heard. This proved that he was not expecting to be the Emir of Kano after the death of Emir Inuwa.

Had it been he was offered the Emirship position six months earlier which according to rumors that he rejected for the sake of his uncle and in-law.  He would have expected the same position after the demise of the person he gave up for and hence would not disbelieved when he was informed, particularly that the person (Sardauna) purported to have given him was alive and still the deciding factor on the issue.

The news of his appointment as the Emir of Kano was met with expressions of incredulity further proving that he was not offered the Emirship position 6 months previously.

The story that Alhaji Ado Bayero was offered his hereditary title which he rejected for his uncle was created after he became the Emir in order to emblazon him.

 Emir Sanusi 1 and Sardauna Amadu Bello helped each other to the best of their abilities. Emir Sanusi 1 ameliorated Saraduana when he found himself in a rattrap and also supported his political career.

Sardauna assisted Sanusi to achieve his ardent desire for the position of the Emir of Kano and this is the point our story tellers in Kano are missing, this deliberately or out of ignorance. They always pinpoint what Sanusi did to Sardauna and ignoring what Sardauna did to Sanusi.

May God Forgive all their sin and grant them eternal peace.   

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1 COMMENT

  1. THIS AUTHENTIC STORY IS THAT, THE ISSUE THAT SIR MUHAMMADU SANUSI 1, EMBEZZLED PUBLIC FUND WAS NOT TRUE, BUT MISCHIEF THAT PAVED WAY FOR SARDAUNA TO REMOVE HIM, WHICH HE SUCCEEDED. IN CONTRAST IT WAS SARDAUNA THAT SQUANDERED FUNDS IN SOKOTO, HE WAS TO BE JAILED, BUT HE RAN AWAY TO KANO AND WAS GIVEN ASYLUM BY LATE SIR SANUSI, UNDER THE UMBRELLA OF THE THEN LATE EMIR ABDULLAHI BAYERO. ALSO SARDAUNA DID NOT ASSIST SIR SANUSI IN BECOMING THE EMIR. THE WAY HE BECAME EMIR WAS BEYOND THE ORDINARY WAY OF APPOINTING AN EMIR. OF COURSE BECAUSE OF SIR SANUSI’S FAVOUR TO SARDAUNA, THEY WERE BEST OF FRIENDS, UNTIL WHEN MISCHIEF MAKERS SUCCEEDED IN MAKING THEM TO PART WAYS. MAY ALLAH CONTINUE TO HAVE MERCY ON SIR SANUSI’S SOUL, AND ALSO THAT OF SARDAUNA.

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